Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name of one of the three primary island groups in the country centred on the island (the other two being the Visayas and Mindanao). Luzon as an island group includes Luzon proper, the Batanes and Babuyan groups of islands to the north, and the outlying islands of Catanduanes, Marinduque, Masbate, Romblon, and Mindoro. Luzon is the economic and political centre of the Philippines, being home to the country’s capital city, Manila.
Luzon has a lot of attractions for tourist round trips. Metro Manila with the remnants of the old historical centre of Manila, the contrasts between traditional, The volcanoes the Pinatubo, the Taal and Mount Mayon, The rice terraces and colourful mountain tribes in the northern part of the island and The ‘hot’ places for leisure Subic Bay and Angeles City
National Capital Region (NCR) is a special administrative region that contains the capital of the country, Manila; the country’s most populous city, Quezon City; and an additional 15 more cities and municipalities. The region is more popularly known as Metro Manila. It is the only region in the country that has no provinces, and is the most densely populated with over 10 million people living in a 636 km² area.
Luzon’s area is 109,964.9 square kilometres (42,457.7 sq. mi), making it the world’s 17th largest island, Located on Luzon are the country’s capital, Manila, and its most populated city, Quezon City. To the southeast of Manila Bay is the largest lake in the country, and also the largest inland lake in Southeast Asia, the Laguna de Bay. This 949 km² lake is drained by the Pasig River into Manila Bay. Pasig River is one of the most important rivers in the country due to its historical significance and because it runs through the center of Metro Manila. Luzon Country.
The Battle of Luzon in World War II, the Philippines were considered to be of great strategic importance because their capture by Japan would pose a significant threat to the U.S. As a result, 135,000 troops and 227 aircraft were stationed in the Philippines by October 1941. Luzon was captured by Japanese forces in 1942 during their campaign to capture the Philippines. General Douglas MacArthur—who was in charge of the defence of the Philippines at the time—was ordered to Australia, and the remaining U.S. forces retreated to the Bataan Peninsula.
Central Luzon plain. This plain, approximately 11,000 km² in size, is the country’s largest producer of rice. Among the rivers irrigating this plain, the longest are Cagayan to the north and Pampanga to the south.